Exploring Czechia: The Heart of Central Europe

Geography and Location

Nestled in the heart of Central Europe, Czechia, also known as the Czech Republic, shares its borders with Germany to the west, Poland to the north, Slovakia to the east, and Austria to the south. Covering a total area of 78,867 square kilometers, the landlocked country presents a diverse terrain that ranges from rolling plains and hills in Bohemia to the hilly landscapes of Moravia. Despite not having a coastline, Czechia compensates with picturesque landscapes, including the highest elevation point at Snezka mountain, peaking at 1,602 meters.

Climate and Natural Resources

The Czech climate is characterized by its temperate nature – cool summers and cold, cloudy, and humid winters define the weather patterns. This climate supports a rich array of natural resources including hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber, and arable land. Approximately 54.80% of the country’s land is dedicated to agriculture, while forests cover about 34.40%, highlighting Czechia’s commitment to maintaining its natural wealth.

Population and Urbanization

As of July 2020, Czechia boasts a population of approximately 10,702,498 individuals, with a fairly even distribution across the country. However, larger urban centers are more prevalent in the northern and eastern regions. The urban population makes up about 74.10% of the total, indicating a significant concentration of Czechs living in cities, especially in Prague, the capital, which alone houses around 1.306 million people.

National Identity and Language

The citizens of Czechia, known as Czechs, share a strong sense of national identity rooted in centuries of history and culture. The official language is Czech, serving as a cornerstone of the country’s heritage and an essential element of daily life and governance.

Economy and Industry

Czechia’s economy is diverse and highly industrialized, with significant contributions from the motor vehicles, metallurgy, machinery and equipment, glass, and armaments sectors. Agriculture also plays a critical role in the economy, producing wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, hops, fruit; and livestock such as pigs and poultry. With an estimated GDP per capita of $35,500 in 2017, Czechia demonstrates strong economic performance within the region.

Trade and Electricity

International trade is vital for Czechia, with Germany being its largest export and import partner. Machinery and transport equipment, raw materials, fuel, and chemicals are among the primary commodities handled in trade. Furthermore, the country has achieved complete electrification, with 100% of the population having access to electricity as of 2016, underscoring Czechia’s modern infrastructure and high living standards.

Culture and Society

Czechia is not just defined by its economic indicators or geographic coordinates; its true essence lies in its vibrant culture and societal values. From historic castles dotting the landscape to the modern vibe of Prague, Czechia embraces its past while looking forward to the future. The country’s festivals, culinary delights, and the warm hospitality of its people offer a unique experience that blends tradition with contemporary European life.


Czechia is a country of remarkable diversity and resilience. Its central location in Europe, combined with a rich cultural heritage and dynamic economy, positions Czechia as a key player on the continental stage. Whether one is drawn to explore its natural beauty, delve into its historical depths, or engage with its modern, vibrant society, Czechia offers a multitude of experiences that cater to every interest. As Czechia continues to evolve and adapt, it remains steadfast in celebrating its identity, nurturing its resources, and welcoming the world to discover the many facets of this enchanting Central European nation.

Country data

Country Code EZ
Region Europe
Surface 78867 sq km
Land Surface 77247 sq km
Water Surface 1620 sq km
Agricultural Surface 54.80%
Forest Surface 34.40%
Lowest Elevation Point Labe (Elbe) River 115 m
Highest Elevation Point Snezka 1,602 m
GDP / capita $35,500 (2017 est.)