Exploring Cyprus: A Mediterranean Gem

Introduction to Cyprus

Cyprus, a unique country located in the Middle East yet often viewed as part of Europe, stands as a testament to geographical and cultural fusion. Situated in the Mediterranean Sea just south of Turkey, its position renders it a crossroad between continents, embodying characteristics of both Europe and the Middle East. Covering 9,251 square kilometers, with a vast majority being land (9,241 sq km) and a mere 10 sq km accounted for by water, Cyprus is an island nation renowned for its temperate, Mediterranean climate. This climate blesses the country with hot, dry summers and cool, rainy winters, making it a year-round destination for tourists.

Geography and Natural Features

The geography of Cyprus is marked by a central plain flanked by mountains to the north and south, while significant plains along the southern coast enhance its scenic beauty. The island’s terrain provides a natural playground for outdoor enthusiasts, with Mount Olympus standing as the apex at 1,951 meters above sea level. Cyprus’s coastline stretches for 648 kilometers, offering breathtaking views and pristine beaches. Despite its modest size, the country boasts a rich tapestry of natural resources, including copper, pyrites, asbestos, and marble, contributing to its historical and economic significance.

Population and Urbanization

Cyprus has an estimated population of 1,266,676 as of July 2020, with a concentration of inhabitants in the capital, Nicosia, and major cities like Paphos, Limassol, and Larnaca. The urban population accounts for 66.80% of the total, reflecting a trend towards urbanization. The country recognizes Greek and Turkish as its official languages, representing its bi-communal composition and diverse cultural heritage.

Economy and Industries

The Cypriot economy is multifaceted, with tourism leading as a primary sector due to the island’s appealing climate and vibrant history. Besides tourism, Cyprus has developed industries in food and beverage processing, cement and gypsum production, ship repair, and more. Agriculture remains a vital part of the economy, focusing on citrus, vegetables, barley, and dairy products. The island’s strategic location has facilitated trade, with significant export partners including Libya, Greece, and Norway, and import partners such as Greece, Italy, and China.

Agriculture and Exports

Despite limited arable land (13.4% of total land area), Cypriot agriculture thrives, contributing substantially to the economy with products like citrus fruits, potatoes, and olives. The country’s exports, notably citrus, potatoes, pharmaceuticals, and clothing, find their way across the globe, showcasing the diversity and richness of its agricultural output.

Imports and Modern Infrastructure

Cyprus imports consumer goods, petroleum, and machinery mainly from Greece, Italy, and China, among others. The island’s commitment to development is underscored by its 100% electrification rate as of 2016, highlighting the strides made in modernizing infrastructure and enhancing the quality of life for its residents.

Culture and Lifestyle

Cyprus is a melting pot of cultures, evidenced by its languages, traditions, and cuisine. The island’s lifestyle is a blend of laid-back Mediterranean ethos and the warm hospitality characteristic of the Middle East. This cultural richness is embedded in the arts, cuisine, and daily life, making Cyprus not just a place to visit, but to experience.


In sum, Cyprus is a country that defies simple classification. Straddling the line between Europe and the Middle East, it offers a unique blend of natural beauty, cultural richness, and economic vitality. With its temperate climate, diverse landscape, and strategic location, Cyprus stands as a testament to the enduring allure of the Mediterranean. Whether one is drawn by its historical sites, natural landscapes, or vibrant cities, Cyprus offers a mosaic of experiences waiting to be discovered.

Country data

Country Code CY
Region Europe
Surface 9251 sq km
Land Surface 9241 sq km
Water Surface 10 sq km
Agricultural Surface 13.40%
Forest Surface 18.80%
Lowest Elevation Point Mediterranean Sea 0 m
Highest Elevation Point Mount Olympus 1,951 m
GDP / capita $37,200 (2017 est.)