Exploring the Marvels of Myanmar: A Closer Look at Burma

Geographical Tapestry

Nestled in the heart of Southeastern Asia, Burma, officially known as Myanmar, serves as a captivating mosaic of natural beauty and cultural heritage. This diverse nation is strategically positioned, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, flanked by neighboring countries Bangladesh, China, India, Laos, and Thailand. Covering a vast expanse of 676,578 square kilometers, Myanmar showcases an intricate blend of land and water. The country’s extensive land boundaries stretch over 6,522 kilometers, while its coastline unfurls across 1,930 kilometers, inviting a rich marine biodiversity.

The landscape of Burma is a picturesque tapestry of central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands, presenting a dramatic contrast in elevation from the serene shores of the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal at zero meters to the towering peak of Gamlang Razi at 5,870 meters. This varied topography underpins a tropical monsoon climate, with seasons oscillating between cloudy, rainy summers and clear, mild winters.

Natural Bounty

Myanmar is abundantly endowed with natural resources ranging from precious stones and metals like tin, antimony, zinc, and copper to vital energy sources such as petroleum, natural gas, and hydropower. The nation’s arable land accounts for 19.20% of its total area, supporting a variety of agricultural practices, while forest land constitutes a significant 48.20%, underpinning the timber industry.

Socioeconomic Fabric

Population Dynamics

As of July 2020 estimates, Myanmar’s population nears 56,590,071 individuals, primarily concentrated along the coastal regions and the fertile plains adjoining the Irrawaddy River. Urbanization stands at 31.10%, highlighting a predominantly rural settlement pattern. Major urban centers include Yangon, the throbbing heart of the nation, and Mandalay, each reflecting the country’s evolving urban landscape.

Agricultural and Industrial Backbone

The agrarian sector, focusing on rice, pulses, and sugarcane among others, forms the cornerstone of Myanmar’s economy, dovetailing with a vibrant fishing industry. On the industrial front, Myanmar showcases a broad spectrum extending from agricultural processing to garment manufacturing, underlined by a burgeoning segment of jade and gems exports. The export realm sees China and Thailand as its major partners, underscoring a dynamic trade network.

Economic Indicators

In terms of economic performance, Myanmar’s GDP per capita stands at approximately $6,300 as of 2017 estimates, marking a phase of gradual economic transformation influenced by its strategic trade relations and the untapped potential of its natural resources. Meanwhile, the electrification rate reports that only 57% of the total population had access to electricity in 2016, illuminating the challenges in infrastructure development and equitable resource distribution.

Environmental and Cultural Prowess

Burma’s milieu is a resonant blend of natural splendor and cultural depth. With its rich repository of flora and fauna nestled within its forests and marine boundaries, it presents a haven for biodiversity. Culturally, Myanmar stands as a mosaic of ethnicities, traditions, and languages, with Burmese serving as the official lingua franca. This cultural vibrancy is mirrored in the nation’s festivals, culinary traditions, and the warmth of its people, making Myanmar a unique gem in the canvas of Southeast Asia.


Myanmar, with its enigmatic landscapes, rich natural endowments, and diverse cultural heritage, remains a land of untold stories and potential. Despite facing challenges in socioeconomic and environmental domains, the nation strides forward, aspiring towards sustainable development and inclusive growth. As the world turns its gaze towards Southeast Asia, Burma undeniably stands out as a country poised on the cusp of transformation, inviting global engagement and exploration.

Country data

Country Code BM
Region East Asia/Southeast Asia
Surface 676578 sq km
Land Surface 653508 sq km
Water Surface 23070 sq km
Agricultural Surface 19.20%
Forest Surface 48.20%
Lowest Elevation Point Andaman Sea/Bay of Bengal 0 m
Highest Elevation Point Gamlang Razi 5,870 m
GDP / capita $6,300 (2017 est.)