An In-depth Overview of Finland

Finland, a country located in Northern Europe, boasts an intriguing geographical position bordered by the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, situating it between Sweden and Russia. This Nordic country is renowned for its stunning natural landscapes, advanced society, and thriving economy, making it an appealing destination for both tourists and investors alike. In this article, we delve deep into the various aspects that make Finland unique, from its geography and climate to its economy and social structure.

Geography and Climate

With a total surface area of 338,145 square kilometers, of which 303,815 square kilometers are land and 34,330 square kilometers are water, Finland is the epitome of a water-rich country. Its extensive coastline stretches over 1,250 kilometers, providing ample opportunities for maritime activities. The country shares its borders with Norway (709 km), Sweden (545 km), and Russia (1309 km), creating a vibrant cultural and economic exchange with its neighbors.

The Finnish terrain is predominantly characterized by low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with more than 60,000 lakes and low hills, crafting a breathtaking landscape. It’s home to Halti, the highest elevation point standing at 1,328 meters above sea level, contrasting sharply with the lowest elevation point at the Baltic Sea level. This unique topography supports a diverse range of natural resources including timber, iron ore, copper, and limestone, to name a few.

The climate in Finland is a cold temperate one, potentially subarctic, yet comparatively mild due to the moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and the plethora of lakes. Despite its northern location, Finland enjoys four distinct seasons, each offering a different charm and set of activities for locals and visitors.

Economy and Society

Finland’s economy is robust, with a GDP per capita of $44,500 as estimated in 2017. Its economic activities are diversified, ranging from metals and metal products, electronics, machinery, and shipbuilding to pulp and paper, foodstuffs, and textiles. The country has also established itself as a significant player in the global market, with Germany, Sweden, the US, and China among its top export partners. Finnish industries have a heavy focus on sustainability and innovation, particularly in the sectors of electrical and optical equipment, machinery, and basic metals.

Agriculture occupies a small portion of the country’s focus, with agricultural land making up just 7.50% and forest land covering an impressive 72.90%. The primary agricultural products include barley, wheat, sugar beets, potatoes, and dairy cattle. Despite the limited agricultural output, Finland ensures a high level of self-sufficiency in food production.

Population and Language

As of July 2020, the population of Finland was estimated to be 5,571,665, with the majority residing in the southern regions of the country, where urbanization rates are higher. Helsinki, the capital city, is home to approximately 1.305 million individuals, highlighting the urban concentration. Finland is characterized by a high urban population, estimated at 85.50% in 2020, reflecting the country’s modern infrastructure and efficient public services.

Officially, Finland recognizes two languages: Finnish and Swedish, with the majority of the population speaking Finnish. This linguistic diversity is a testament to the country’s inclusive policies and its historical ties with Sweden.

Natural Beauty and Sustainability

Finland is not only admired for its economic prosperity and societal advancement but is also revered for its commitment to environmental sustainability. The nation’s vast forests, numerous lakes, and diverse wildlife are central to Finnish identity and lifestyle. Environmental conservation and sustainable living practices are deeply ingrained in the Finnish way of life, further enhancing the country’s appeal as a model of green living.

In conclusion, Finland presents an impressive blend of natural beauty, economic resilience, and social advancement. Its strategic location, coupled with a commitment to sustainability and innovation, ensures that Finland remains at the forefront of global competitiveness and livability. Whether one is drawn to its economic opportunities, stunning landscapes, or progressive social environment, Finland offers a unique and enriching experience for all who venture within its borders.

Country data

Country Code FI
Region Europe
Surface 338145 sq km
Land Surface 303815 sq km
Water Surface 34330 sq km
Agricultural Surface 7.50%
Forest Surface 72.90%
Lowest Elevation Point Baltic Sea 0 m
Highest Elevation Point Halti (alternatively Haltia, Haltitunturi, Haltiatunturi) 1,328 m
GDP / capita $44,500 (2017 est.)